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Biathlon

British Biathlon Union

Contact Name
General Enquiries
Contact Email
info@britishbiathlon.com
Contact Telephone
01874 730 562

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What is Biathlon?

Biathlon takes place in winter combining cross-country skiing and rifle shooting.

There are 5 main competition formats:

Individual

20 km race for men, and 15km for women. Biathletes shoot four times, totalling 20 targets. For each missed target a fixed penalty time, usually one minute, is added to the skiing time of the biathlete. Competitors' starts are staggered, normally by 30 seconds.

Sprint

The sprint is 10 km for men and 7.5 km for women. The biathlete shoots twice for a total of 10 shots. For each miss, a penalty loop of 150 m must be skied before the race can be continued. Competitors' starts are staggered.

Pursuit

In a Pursuit, biathletes' starts are separated by their time differences from a previous race, most commonly a Sprint. The contestant crossing the finish line first is the winner. The distance is 12.5 km for men and 10 km for women, there are four shooting bouts, each miss means a penalty loop of 150 m.

Mass Start

In the Mass start, all biathletes start at the same time and the first across the finish line wins. The distance is 15 km for men and 12.5 km for women, there are four bouts of shooting. As in Sprint races, competitors must ski one 150 m penalty loop for each miss.

Relay

The Relay teams consist of four biathletes, who each ski 7.5 km (men) or 6 km (women), with two shooting rounds. For every round of five targets there are eight bullets available. If after eight bullets there are still misses, one 150 m penalty loop must be taken for each missed target remaining. The first-leg participants start all at the same time, and as in cross-country skiing relays, every athlete of a team must touch the team's next-leg participant to perform a valid changeover.

Partners

  • Charnwood Borough Council
    Blaby District Council
    Loughborough University
    Harborough District Council
    Leicester City Council
  • North West Leicestershire District Council
    Equality Standard
    QUEST
    Hinckley & Bosworth Borough Council
    Sport England
  • Age UK L&R
    Oadby & Wigston Borough Council
    Rutland County Council
    Melton Borough Council
    British Heart Foundation
  • Safeguarding
    East Midlands Platform
    Leicestershire County Council
    County Sport Network

Partners

  • Age UK L&R
    Charnwood Borough Council
  • Melton Borough Council
    Leicestershire County Council
  • East Midlands Platform
    Equality Standard
  • British Heart Foundation
    Harborough District Council
  • County Sport Network
    Hinckley & Bosworth Borough Council
  • Rutland County Council
    Blaby District Council
  • Loughborough University
    Oadby & Wigston Borough Council
  • North West Leicestershire District Council
    Safeguarding
  • Sport England
    Leicester City Council
  • QUEST